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痴呆症成全球健康问题 WHO发布预防老年痴呆症新指南

kira86 于2019-06-06发布 l 已有人浏览
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世卫组织专家警告称,痴呆症“正迅速成长为公共健康问题。专家估计,到2030年,每年照顾痴呆症患者的费用将达到2万亿美元左右。每年新增病例近1000万,到2050年这一数字将增加两倍。
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Dementia: A Growing Worldwide Health Problem

痴呆症:日益严重的全球健康问题

From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.

这里是美国之音慢速英语节目,《健康和生活方式》栏目。

Aging is normal,but dementia is not a normal part of aging.

变老很正常,但痴呆症并不是衰老过程中的正常阶段。

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines dementia as an illness marked by a decline in a person’s ability to think, reason and understand “beyond what might be expected from normal aging.”

世界卫生组织(WHO)将痴呆症定义为一种疾病,其特征是患者的思考、推理和理解能力以“超出正常老化”的速度退化。

It results from a variety of diseases and injuries that affect the brain, such as Alzheimer disease or stroke. About 50 million people around the world have dementia.

它的诱因包括影响大脑的各种疾病和伤害,例如阿尔茨海默病或中风。全世界约有5000万人患有痴呆症。

WHO experts warn that dementia is a “rapidly growing public health problem.” People with dementia are often not able to care for themselves. Their need for care, the WHO adds, creates great economic problems for families and societies. Experts estimate that by the year 2030 caring for people with dementia will cost about $2 trillion (US$) every year.

世卫组织专家警告称,痴呆症“正迅速成为公共健康问题。”痴呆症患者往往无法照顾自己。世卫组织补充道,他们对护理的需求给家庭和社会带来了巨大的经济问题。专家估计,到2030年,每年照顾痴呆症患者的费用将达到2万亿美元左右。

That is what health experts from the World Health Organization said in a recent statement to the press. They add that there are nearly 10 million new cases every year and that number is set to triple by the year 2050.

这就是世卫生组织的卫生专家最近向新闻界发表的声明中所说的。他们补充道,痴呆症每年新增病例近1000万,到2050年这一数字将增加两倍。

As a part of their awareness campaign, the WHO released new guidelines for reducing the risk of getting dementia.

作为提高其认识活动的一部分,世卫组织发布了有关降低患痴呆症风险的新指南。

WHO experts say that scientific evidence confirms that what is good for our hearts is also good for our brains. Having an active and healthy lifestyle is the best way to avoid getting dementia as we age.

世卫组织专家表示,科学证据证实,对我们的心脏有益的东西对我们的大脑同样有益。随着年龄增长,避免患痴呆症的最佳方法就是拥有积极健康的生活方式。

The WHO guidelines include the following: 1、exercise regularly; 2、do not smoke; 3、do not drink harmful amounts of alcohol; 4、keep a healthy weight; 5、eat a healthy diet; 6、keep your blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar at healthy levels.

世卫组织发布的指南包括以下内容:1、定期锻炼;2、不吸烟3、不过量饮酒4、保持健康的体重5、保持健康饮食6、保持血压,胆固醇和血糖在健康水平

The guidelines are common sense advice given by many other health organizations, such as the U.S. National Institute on Aging. But they are important reminders. They can help healthcare providers advise their patients on what they can do to help prevent cognitive decline and dementia.

这些指南都是许多像美国国家老龄化研究所等其他健康组织提供的常识性建议,但却是很重要的提醒。它们可以帮助医疗保健人员建议患者自己能做些什么来预防认知功能衰退和痴呆症。

The new guidelines can also help governments and policy-makers design social programs to help people lead healthy lifestyles. WHO experts add that possibly following a Mediterranean-style diet may help prevent dementia. But they warn against taking vitamin B or E pills, fish oil or other so-called “brain health” pills. They say there is “strong research showing they don’t work.”

新指南还可以帮助政府和政策制定者设计社会项目,来帮助人们形成健康的生活方式。世卫组织专家补充称,尽可能地遵循地中海式饮食可能有助于预防痴呆症。但他们警告不要服用维生素B或E丸、鱼油或其他所谓的“大脑健康”药片。他们称“可靠研究表明这些没有作用”。

The WHO advises countries to create support plans to help caregivers.

世卫组织建议各国制定支持计划以帮助护理人员。

Dr. D?vora Kestel is Director of the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse at the World Health Organization. In a statement to the press, she said that people who care for people with dementia are very often family members. These family members “need to make considerable adjustments to their family and professional lives to care for their loved ones.”

杰沃拉·卡丝妲博士是世界卫生组织精神健康和药物滥用部门负责人。她在一份面向新闻界的声明中表示,照顾痴呆症患者的往往是其家庭成员。这些家庭成员“为了照顾他们的亲人,需要对他们的家庭和职业生活做出相当大的调整。”

And that’s the Health and Lifestyle report. I’m Anna Matteo.

以上就是《健康和生活方式》的全部内容。 我是安娜·马特奥。

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