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2018美国最受欢迎英文名 透过新生儿名字看美国流行文化

kira86 于2019-06-06发布 l 已有人浏览
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美国社会保障局发布了2018年美国最受欢迎的婴儿名字的排名。全美各州最受欢迎的男孩、女孩英文名分别是什么?
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What Baby Names Say about the United States

透过新生儿名字看美国

What is in a name?

名字中蕴含着什么?

For many people, a name can provide important information about the person and the times we live in.

对许多人而言,名字能提供有关这个人及其所处时代的重要信息。

Recently, the United States Social Security Administration released a list of the most popular U.S. baby names in 2018.

最近,美国社会保障局发布了2018年美国最受欢迎的婴儿名字的排名。

“Emma” was the most popular name in states on the U.S. West Coast, while “Liam” was the top choice in the Midwest. But in the southeastern part of the country, parents were more likely to name a boy “William,” while “Ava” was a popular name for girls.

名字“艾玛”在美国西海岸各州中最受欢迎,而名字“利亚姆”则是美国中西部人的首选。但在美国东南部,父母则更倾向于将男孩取名为“威廉”,而“艾娃”则是他们喜爱的女孩名字。

The Social Security Administration said that “Liam” has been at the top of the list for boys nationwide in each of the past two years. “Emma” was the most popular name for girls for the fifth year.

社会保障局表示,“利亚姆”在过去两年中每年都占据全美最受欢迎的男孩名字的榜首。“艾玛”则连续5年成为最受欢迎的女孩名字。

Naming a child might feel like one of the most personal decisions a parent can make. However, outside forces often heavily influence that choice.

给孩子取名可能是父母能够做出的最私人的决定之一了。然而,外部力量往往会严重影响这一选择。

Jonah Berger is a marketing professor at the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School. He told VOA in an email that “names say more about the parents than the kids. How unique parents want to be, where in the country they were when the child was born, and what influences around them shape their lives.”

乔纳·伯格是宾夕法尼亚大学沃顿商学院的营销学教授。他在给美国之音的电子邮件中说道,“比起孩子自己,姓名更多地反映了父母的信息。如他们想要多独特,孩子出生时他们所在的国家,以及周围的什么因素影响改变着他们的生活。”

Thanks to technology, new parents have more baby names to choose from than ever before. That might be influenced by television (TV) personalities or characters from movies.

得益于技术的发展,和以前相比,新手父母有更多的婴儿名字可以选择。这可能是受到电视明星或电影角色的影响。

For example, the name “Arya,” a character on the TV show "Game of Thrones," was the 119th most popular girls’ name on the new list. That is higher than more traditional names, like “Angela” (264) or “Jennifer” (345).

例如,名字“艾莉亚”是电视剧《权力的游戏》中的角色名,它在最新公布的最受欢迎的女孩名字的排名中位列第119,比很多像“安吉拉”(第264名)和“珍妮弗”(第345名)这样比较传统的名字排名要更靠前。

“Khaleesi,” another character from “Game of Thrones,” was the 549th most popular name for girls. It appeared higher on the list than names like “Anne” (599), “Lisa” (891) and “Christine” (926).

“卡丽熙”也是《权力的游戏》中的角色,在最受欢迎的女孩名字的排名中位列第549。比“安妮”(第599名)、“丽莎”(第891名)和“克里斯汀”( 第926名)等名字排名更靠前。

Jane Pilcher is a sociologist at Nottingham Trent University in England.

简·皮尔彻是英国诺丁汉特伦特大学的社会学家。

Pilcher told VOA in an email that she likens names to “workhorses” because they can help identify important information about a person. But she adds that names can also lead to discrimination and inequality.

皮尔彻通过电子邮件告诉美国之音,她将名字比作“耕马”,因为它们可以帮助识别关于某个人的重要信息。但她补充道,名字也可能导致歧视和不平等。

A 2012 study found that when scientists were given identical applications for a laboratory manager position, they rated job candidates named “John” more highly than those named “Jennifer.”

2012年的一项研究发现,当科学家收到相同的实验室经理职位申请时,他们对叫“约翰”的求职者的评价要比叫“詹妮弗”的高。

A person’s name often points toward their culture. It is a marker of when and where they lived, and of things that are popular at the time of their birth.

一个人的名字往往表明他们的文化。它标志着他们生活的时间和地点以及他们出生时流行的事物。

Berger found that names starting with “K” became more popular after Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans, Louisiana in 2005. Americans heard the name of the storm in the news so often that its sound became more familiar and appealing.

伯格发现2005年“卡特里娜”飓风袭击路易斯安那州新奥尔良后,以“K”开头的名字变得越来越受欢迎。美国人经常在新闻中听到飓风的这个名字,因此它的发音就变得更加熟悉,更有吸引力。

Berger says “names are more likely to become popular when other, similar names have been popular recently.”

伯格称,“其他相似的名字最近很流行的话,与之相关的名字很可能也受欢迎。”

He adds that, “hearing a name more often makes people like it more, but if something is too popular, people avoid it.”

他补充道,“人们越频繁地听到一个名字,越容易喜欢它,但如果某些东西太过流行,人们就会避开它。”

American-born Meghan Markle and her husband, Britain’s Prince Harry, recently named their son Archie. That name was the 992nd most popular boy’s name in the United States last year. It remains to be seen if the name Archie will increase in popularity in 2019.

美裔梅根·马克尔和她的丈夫,英国的哈里王子,最近给他们的儿子取名为“阿奇”。这个名字在去年美国最受欢迎的男孩名字中排名第992。 至于2109年, “阿奇”的人气是否会增加还有待验证。

I’m Jonathan Evans.

乔纳森·埃文斯报道。

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