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名师答疑:Study和Learn的用法区别

kira86 于2018-10-24发布 l 已有人浏览
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study 和 learn 这两个动词都有“学习”之一,那到底在具体情况下该用哪一个呢。请见今天的美国之音名师答疑。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

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Ask a Teacher: Study or Learn?

名师答疑:Study和Learn的用法区别

English language learners use the verbs "study" and "learn" all the time. Yet, they often are unsure which to choose in a situation. Our subject today comes from Salah of Yemen. The writer asks:

英语学习者一直都在使用 study 和 learn 这两个动词。然而,他们往往不确定在具体情况下该用哪一个。我们今天的话题来自于也门的萨拉赫。他问道:

Question:

问题:

I would like to know the difference between "study" and "learn." Thanks! - Salah, Yemen

我想知道 study 和 learn 这两个单词之间的区别,谢谢!— 也门,萨拉赫。

Answer:

回答:

Hello, Salah, and thanks for your note!

你好,萨拉赫,感谢你的提问。

Let's begin with the dictionary meaning of each word. These are from the Merriam-Webster Learner's Dictionary:

我们首先来看看每个单词的字典释义,这些释义出自韦氏词典。

To study means to read, memorize facts or attend school in order to learn about a subject.

To study 是指阅读、背诵或是上学以便学会某个学科。

To learn means to gain knowledge or skill by studying, practicing, being taught or experiencing something.

To learn 是指通过学习、实践、接受教育或是亲身体验来获得知识或技能。

So, studying is just one way of learning. But, it is not the only way.

所以,study 只是 learn 的一种途径,但是它不是唯一途径。

Learn

学会

Sometimes, we learn through experience. For example, if you travel to Thailand, you can visit a lot of sights, try the traditional foods and talk to the local people. By the time you leave, you will have gained a lot of knowledge about the country. So, you can say, "I learned so much about Thailand!"

有时候,我们从经历中学习。例如,如果你去泰国,你能参观很多景点,尝试传统食物并与当地人交流。当你离开泰国时,你将会获得许多关于这个国家的知识。所以,你可以说,“我学到了很多关于泰国的东西。”

You could not say, "I studied so much about Thailand!" because your actions did not mainly involve reading, memorizing facts, taking a course, attending school or something similar.

你不能说,“我学习了很多关于泰国的东西。”因为你的行为并非主要涉及到了阅读、背诵、上课、上学或是类似的东西。

Study

学习

In addition, when you study something, you have not learned it yet.

此外,当你学习某些东西时,你尚未真正学会它。

And, sometimes, you can even study something without learning it. For example, if you say, "I studied English," it may mean you took English classes. Or maybe you tried to teach yourself through an app or language website.

而且有时候,你甚至学习了也没学会。例如,如果你说,“我学过英语。“这句话的意思是你上过英语课,或者是通过应用程序或语言网站来自学。

But maybe you had difficulty with this and still do not know how to speak the language. In that situation, you could not say, "I learned English," because that would mean you had gained enough knowledge to use it.

但是可能你在学习中遇到了困难,还是不知道如何说这门语言。在这种情况下,你就不能说,”我学会了英语。“,因为这样说就意味着你掌握了足够多应用这门语言的知识。

Examples

举例

If the difference between "learn" and "study" is not clear yet, here are a few sentences that compare them:

如果还是搞不懂 learn 和 study 之间的区别,看看以下这些对照的例子:

He learned so much about Thailand on his trip.

他从这次旅行中学到了很过关于泰国的知识。

He studied Thai history and culture in college.

他在大学里学习泰国历史文化。

They learned how to write stories in the new writing class.

他们在新的写作课上学会了如何写小说。

They spent time studying the techniques of story-writing.

他们花时间学习了小说写作的技巧。

Where did you learn how to bake so well?

你烘烤得真好,在哪学会的?

Did you study baking in school?

你在学校学过烘焙吗?

And one last tip for remembering the difference is this expression:

这句话是记住这种区别的最后一个窍门:

I studied but I did not learn anything.

”我学了,但是什么都没学会。“

And that's Ask a Teacher.

以上就是本期名师答疑的全部内容。

I'm Alice Bryant.

我是爱丽丝·布莱恩特。

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